The farming timeline

10,000 Years Ago - Neolithic Revolution: Nomadic hunters and gathers began to transition to farmers after last mini ice age. Neolithic means "the new stone age."

9000 BCE - Wheat, barley, and goats are domesticated. Wheat and barley are two of the founder crops.

7000 BCE - The loom and the two man plow are invented. 

6700 BCE - Sheep are domesticated.

6500 BCE - Peas, pigs, and cattle are domesticated.

6000 BCE - Irrigation practices begin.

5200 BCE - Chickens are domesticated.

4500 BCE - The plow is invented.

3700 BCE - Beginning of the Bronze Age

3500 BCE - Most people had transitioned to being farmers.

3000 BCE - Alpacas, llamas, and buffalo are domesticated, potatoes began to be cultivated in Andes mountains. rice cultivation began in Asia.

2700 BCE - Corn has officially transitioned from its Taosinte ancestor and is now being cultivated in South America.

1200 BCE - Beginning of the Iron Age

1700 CE - Farmers begin selective breeding of cattle.

1793 CE - Cotton Gin is invented.

1819 CE - Canning industry is developed.

1849 CE - First mixed chemical fertilizers are produced.

1862 CE - Lincoln established the USDA.

1890 CE - First gas powered tractor invented.

1939 CE - DDT released on the market. Dichloro-diphenyl-thichloroethane was the first synthetic insecticide. 

1941 CE - Frozen foods became popular.

1944 CE - 2.4D developed. Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid was a synthetic herbicide developed after DDT and is still popular today. 

1952 CE - Over 10,000 pesticide products available on the market.

1959 CE - 86 countries banned the use of DDT because of its harmful effects.

1970 CE - Increased environmental awareness supported organic movement.

1997 CE - Biotech crops available commercially.

Today - Pesticide business is a 12 Billion dollar industry.