The farming timeline
10,000 Years Ago - Neolithic Revolution: Nomadic hunters and gathers began to transition to farmers after last mini ice age. Neolithic means "the new stone age."
9000 BCE - Wheat, barley, and goats are domesticated. Wheat and barley are two of the founder crops.
7000 BCE - The loom and the two man plow are invented.
6700 BCE - Sheep are domesticated.
6500 BCE - Peas, pigs, and cattle are domesticated.
6000 BCE - Irrigation practices begin.
5200 BCE - Chickens are domesticated.
4500 BCE - The plow is invented.
3700 BCE - Beginning of the Bronze Age
3500 BCE - Most people had transitioned to being farmers.
3000 BCE - Alpacas, llamas, and buffalo are domesticated, potatoes began to be cultivated in Andes mountains. rice cultivation began in Asia.
2700 BCE - Corn has officially transitioned from its Taosinte ancestor and is now being cultivated in South America.
1200 BCE - Beginning of the Iron Age
1700 CE - Farmers begin selective breeding of cattle.
1793 CE - Cotton Gin is invented.
1819 CE - Canning industry is developed.
1849 CE - First mixed chemical fertilizers are produced.
1862 CE - Lincoln established the USDA.
1890 CE - First gas powered tractor invented.
1939 CE - DDT released on the market. Dichloro-diphenyl-thichloroethane was the first synthetic insecticide.
1941 CE - Frozen foods became popular.
1944 CE - 2.4D developed. Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid was a synthetic herbicide developed after DDT and is still popular today.
1952 CE - Over 10,000 pesticide products available on the market.
1959 CE - 86 countries banned the use of DDT because of its harmful effects.
1970 CE - Increased environmental awareness supported organic movement.
1997 CE - Biotech crops available commercially.
Today - Pesticide business is a 12 Billion dollar industry.